Diseases to watch out for in spring
Spring is the season when all things come to life after the cold winter has passed. Due to the seasonal nature of the transition from cold weather to warm weather, changes in body metabolism occur and various abnormal symptoms may appear. In addition, as various environmental factors such as yellow dust, fine dust, and pollen are added, it can cause abnormalities in respiratory and immune functions, which can lead to the onset of various diseases. Therefore, it is important to check in advance for diseases that may occur in spring and manage them carefully. So today, let’s learn about various diseases to be aware of in spring. Diseases to watch out for in spring
1. Allergic rhinitis
Yellow dust that occurs in spring is the cause of various diseases to such an extent that it is called an uninvited guest of spring. Among them, it acts as a major cause of the occurrence and worsening of allergic rhinitis. Allergic rhinitis is a disease in which the nasal mucosa is overreacted to certain substances and causes various symptoms such as sneezing, clear runny nose, stuffy nose, and itching. If treatment is delayed and continues for a long time, it may cause changes similar to chronic rhinitis and at the same time cause sinusitis, otitis media, and nasal polyps. Allergic rhinitis is caused not only by yellow dust, but also by various environmental factors such as pollen, house dust mites, pet hair, fungi, and indoor pollutants, so it is desirable to minimize contact with the causes.
The second disease to watch out for in spring is conjunctivitis. Conjunctivitis is an inflammatory disease of the conjunctiva, the tissue that covers the eye from the outside, and causes characteristic symptoms such as itching, mucus, and tears. And it can cause symptoms such as a foreign body feeling, redness, and pain in the eye. When symptoms worsen, it can lead to corneal opacity or corneal ulceration, as well as deterioration of vision. Conjunctivitis is largely divided into infectious diseases caused by viruses and bacteria, and allergies caused by pollen, yellow dust, and fine dust. In particular, it is known that the incidence of allergic conjunctivitis increases in spring due to the effects of heavy metals and harmful substances contained in yellow dust and fine dust.
Asthma is a disease in which the bronchi, the passageway leading to the lungs, become narrow, causing repeated coughing, shortness of breath, salty air, and chest tightness. Several environmental factors are known to make symptoms worse, including pollen and yellow dust, dust, fungi, pet hair, cigarette smoke, perfume, and sudden changes in temperature and humidity. It is known that even if the symptoms are usually well controlled with medication and management habits, it can cause a life-threatening emergency when symptoms reappear due to various causes and worsens into acute asthma.
4. Acute tonsillitis
Acute tonsillitis is an acute inflammatory disease that occurs in the palatine tonsils, one of the parts that make up the tonsils, and it is known that the incidence rate increases in spring when seasonal changes occur. Sudden high fever and chills appear, and it is known to accompany various symptoms such as difficulty swallowing, headache, and general pain. Acute tonsillitis naturally improves symptoms, and with appropriate treatment, symptoms improve within 4 to 5 days. However, the spread of inflammation due to worsening of symptoms causes edema around the tonsils, which can cause airway obstruction and infection to the lungs, brain, and heart, so you need to be careful.
Other diseases to be aware of In addition to the various diseases mentioned above, you should also be careful about the onset of various diseases such as dry eye syndrome, dermatitis, and hand, foot and mouth disease. In addition, seasonal factors that change the temperature disturb the balance of the sympathetic and parasympathetic nerves that control heart and blood vessel function, increasing the risk of various heart diseases. In particular, when there are risk factors for cardiovascular disease such as high blood pressure or dyslipidemia, more careful management and attention are required. spring health tips
In order to prevent the onset of various diseases caused by yellow dust, fine dust, and pollen in the spring, it is important to thoroughly practice personal hygiene such as hand washing and gargling. In addition, when the yellow dust is severe, it is recommended not to go out as much as possible, and it is recommended to drink enough water to prevent the discharge of fine dust from entering the body and dry the bronchial tubes. In order to prevent allergic diseases caused by house dust mites or indoor pollutants, it is recommended to keep the indoor environment pleasant with a humidifier or air purifier. In addition, it is important to eat a variety of foods rich in various vitamins, minerals, and antioxidants, as the immune function can be weakened due to seasonal changes.