1. Antarctica is the southernmost continent on Earth.
  2. It’s the coldest, driest, and windiest continent.
  3. Antarctica is classified as a desert due to its low annual precipitation.
  4. It’s the only continent without a native human population.
  5. There are no countries in Antarctica; it is governed internationally through the Antarctic Treaty system.
  6. It’s home to up to 5,000 people in the summer months who work in research stations, but this population drops to just over 1,000 in winter.
  7. In 1978, Emilio Marcos de Palma became the first person known to be born in Antarctica.
  8. The South Pole is located in the interior of Antarctica.
  9. Antarctica is home to around 70 percent of the planet’s fresh water, and 90 percent of the planet’s freshwater ice.
  10. The Antarctic ice sheet is the largest single mass of ice on Earth.
  11. The lowest temperature ever recorded on Earth was at Russia’s Vostok Station in Antarctica: -128.6°F (-89.2°C) on July 21, 1983.
  12. The continent is home to several active volcanoes, including Mount Erebus, one of the few consistently active volcanoes in the world.
  13. During the summer, the sun does not set in Antarctica, which means it actually receives more sunlight than the equator during that time period.
  14. Conversely, during the winter season, the continent is in total darkness.
  15. Wildlife in Antarctica includes penguins, seals, and various types of birds. There are no land mammals in Antarctica.
  16. The Southern Ocean, which surrounds Antarctica, is home to several species of whales.
  17. Antarctica’s Emperor Penguins are the only penguin species that breed during the Antarctic winter.
  18. Due to the extreme conditions, there are no trees or shrubs, and only a few species of grass and moss can survive in Antarctica.
  19. Iceberg B-15, the world’s largest recorded iceberg, was calved from the Antarctic ice shelf in the year 2000. It was approximately the size of Jamaica.
  20. The Antarctic ice is over 2.5 miles (4 km) thick in some areas, and it’s been in existence for at least 40 million years.

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I love to research and am willing to spend hours to dig into every niche and nook to find something that other people have missed. My articles contain those nuggets of information resulting from my many treasure hunts.