**Here are top 10 mathematicians of all time**

**Carl Friedrich Gauss**: He was a German mathematician who made significant contributions to many fields of mathematics, such as number theory, algebra, analysis, differential geometry, and statistics. He is known as the prince of mathematics and the greatest mathematician since antiquity.**Leonhard Euler**: He was a Swiss mathematician who published close to 900 books on various topics, such as calculus, graph theory, topology, number theory, and physics. He is considered the most prolific mathematician of all time and the master of usages of mathematical notations.**Isaac Newton**: He was an English mathematician who co-invented calculus with Gottfried Leibniz and formulated the laws of motion and universal gravitation. He also made discoveries in optics, algebra, and number theory.**Srinivasa Ramanujan**: He was an Indian mathematician who was self-taught and had an intuitive grasp of mathematics. He developed thousands of formulas and theorems in areas such as number theory, modular forms, partition theory, and infinite series. He also discovered the Ramanujan conjecture and the Ramanujan prime.**Euclid**: He was a Greek mathematician who is regarded as the father of geometry. He wrote the Elements, the most influential mathematical textbook of all time, which systematized the axioms, definitions, and proofs of geometry and number theory.**Archimedes**: He was a Greek mathematician who is considered one of the greatest scientists and inventors of antiquity. He discovered fundamental principles of mechanics, hydrostatics, and calculus. He also approximated pi and calculated the area and volume of various geometric shapes.**Bernhard Riemann**: He was a German mathematician who made groundbreaking contributions to analysis, differential geometry, and number theory. He introduced the concept of Riemann surfaces, Riemannian geometry, and the Riemann hypothesis, one of the most famous unsolved problems in mathematics.**René Descartes**: He was a French mathematician who is regarded as the father of modern philosophy. He also developed analytic geometry, which connects algebra and geometry using coordinates. He also invented the Cartesian coordinate system and the notation of using superscripts for powers.**Pierre de Fermat**: He was a French mathematician who is best known for his work on number theory, especially Fermat’s last theorem, which states that there are no positive integer solutions to xn + yn = zn for n > 2. The theorem was finally proved by Andrew Wiles in 1995 after 358 years.**Blaise Pascal**: He was a French mathematician who invented one of the first mechanical calculators and contributed to the development of probability theory with Pierre de Fermat. He also studied projective geometry, cycloid curves, and Pascal’s triangle.

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