Pores, which are pores where hair comes out, provide space for hair to grow out of the skin. In particular, the sebaceous glands attached to the pores play a role in secreting sebum, and the sebum secreted here is responsible for protecting the skin and preventing bacterial infection, keeping the skin moist. Pores are about 0.02mm to 0.05mm, but they get wider and stretched depending on the season, age, and various other causes. The most common cause of enlarged pores is due to excessive secretion of sebum. When the amount of sebum that escapes through the pores increases, the pores become larger, and sebum and waste products accumulate more easily in the enlarged pores. Also, when the epidermis layer is clogged with dead skin cells, sebum accumulates in the middle and pores become larger. As we get older and aging begins, the loss of elasticity around the pore wall also acts as a cause of enlarged pores. If the pores are enlarged in this way, the cosmetic part will be greatly affected. In particular, if the sebum in the pores is not managed well, it can cause frequent skin trouble symptoms, and blackheads can be caused by clogging the pores of the skin. It is impossible to get rid of these pores completely, but several management methods can prevent them from growing or reduce their size. So, today we are going to talk about several ways that can help you reduce pores. how to reduce pores
1. Maintain the right way to wash your face
In order to prevent enlarged pores and enlarged pores, it is important to consistently practice the correct washing method. It is good to wash with foam cleansing twice a day, and it is recommended to wash with lukewarm water that is not too cold or too hot. Also, it is said to be a good way to use a mildly acidic cleansing foam to avoid irritation.
Keratin is a major structural substance that makes up skin cells. Periodic exfoliation helps to properly control excess oil generated in the pores, suppressing excessive sebum secretion and preventing blackheads from forming. It is also a good way to keep pores clean by removing excess oil and blackheads using cosmetics containing salicylic acid (BHA). However, exfoliating excessively can destroy the skin barrier and cause diseases such as dermatitis, so it is desirable to exfoliate less than twice a week.
3. Consistently use sunscreen
Photoaging caused by excessive UV exposure is the main cause of deterioration of skin elasticity. Therefore, it is recommended to apply sunscreen thoroughly when going out to prevent skin aging caused by UV rays. In addition, it is recommended to apply well on a cloudy day as well as on a sunny day because exposure to UV rays is significant. When applying sunscreen, apply it again after 20-30 minutes for better blocking effect, and it is said that applying a thin layer of sunscreen twice is more effective than applying it once thickly. Also, leaving the sunscreen on after returning from going out can cause various skin problems, so it is important to remove it with care.
4. Use toner and retinol
Daily use of toner can also be a good way to properly control excess oil in the skin and balance the acidity of the skin. In addition, the use of retinol-related products, a component of the vitamin A group, is said to help prevent clogging and widening of pores by controlling excessive secretion of sebum and suppressing excessive keratin production.
5. Eat foods that are good for your skin
In order to manage the pores, it is good to pay attention to the diet that you usually eat. It is necessary to control the intake of foods that contain a lot of artificial seasonings, sweeteners, sugar, and salt, and at the same time, eat a balanced intake of foods rich in vitamins, minerals, and antioxidants, including vitamin C. Also, if the body lacks moisture, the skin becomes rough and dry, so it is recommended to drink plenty of water.
Other methods In addition to the various management methods introduced above, a moisturizing moisturizer to prevent moisture from drying out and an ice massage to help shrink pores can help a lot in preventing enlarged pores and sagging pores. And if it is difficult to manage pores despite these various methods, implementing a skin care program and various surgical methods can also be a good way to help improve the condition of pores.